Arsenal of Information




Dossiers:

UN Nuclear Weapons Ban Conference
B61-12 Enhanced Nuclear Bomb
LRSO: New Nuclear Cruise Missile
US Nukes at Incirlik AFB, Turkey
Trump Admin and Nuclear Weapons Policy
Kirtland AFB Nuclear Weapons Complex
Flashpoint: NATO-Russia
Flashpoint: North Korea
MOX / Plutonium Disposition
Fukushima Disaster and Updates
Nuke Lab Contractors Illegal Lobbying
Revolving Door: The Case of Heather Wilson
Marshall Islands Lawsuit
CMRR-Nuclear Facility
Conference on the Humanitarian Impact
Nuclear Testing Since 1945
Atomic Histories



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Weapons Complex Map
Nuclear Watch Interactive Map of the
Nuclear Weapons Complex
View full size

Facilities:
    Kansas City Plant
    Lawrence Livermore National Labs
    Los Alamos National Laboratory
    Nevada National Security Site
    Pantex Plant
    Sandia National Laboratories
    Savannah River Site
    Washington DC
    Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP)
    Y-12 National Security Complex

ANA Map of nuclear risks USA
Click the image to download this large printable map of DOE sites, commercial reactors, nuclear waste dumps, nuclear transportation routes, surface waters near sites and transport routes, and underlying aquifers. This map was prepared by Deborah Reade for the Alliance for Nuclear Accountability.


Jodie Williams Nobel Laureate
"Governments say a nuclear weapons ban is unlikely. Don't believe it. They said the same about a mine ban treaty."- Jody Williams, Nobel laureate



Nuclear Risk, 2016:
"Imagine that a man wearing a TNT vest were to come into the room and, before you could escape, managed to tell you that he wasn't a suicide bomber. He didn't have the button to set off the explosives. Rather, there were two buttons in very safe hands. One was in Washington with President Obama and the other in Moscow with President Putin, so there was nothing to worry about. You'd still get out of that room as fast as you can!
"Just because we can't see the nuclear weapons controlled by those two buttons, why do we stay here? As if confronted by that man, we need to be plotting a rapid escape. Instead, we have sat here complacently for over 50 years, trusting that because Earth's explosive vest hasn't yet gone off, it never will. If you agree that it's high time we stopped sitting around and started solving this problem, please read on-" NuclearRisk.org.



The War That Must Never Be Fought
George P. Shultz, Former U.S. Secretary of State and James Goodby, Former Vice Chairman, U.S. Delegation to the Strategic Arms Reduction Talks; Co-editors of "The War That Must Never Be Fought" at the Commonwealth Club, June 17, 2015. Moderator: Terry Gamble Boyer, Board of Directors, Ploughshares Fund.


Current nuclear stockpiles- for country reports and other details see original annotated infographic at Ploughshares.org.

World Nuclear Arsenals

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Dossier:

United Nations Negotiations on a Nuclear Weapons Ban Treaty



May 22, 2017:
Draft Nuclear Weapons Ban Treaty Released Today
View/download PDF

Nuclear Ban Treaty Negotiations
(l.) Conference President Elayne Whyte of Costa Rica, and (r.) Tim Wright of ICAN

"Many citizens, scientists and laymen alike, view nuclear-weapons abolition as an essential milestone in the development of human civilization, a moral, ideological and practical campaign that could catalyze the transformation of international relations and improve the outlook for civilization at a critical time." -James Doyle



A Successful First Session of Nuclear Weapons Ban Treaty Negotiations
The first of two sessions of the Ban Treaty discussions at the UN has ended; participants from the 130 countries and the civil society groups participating are pleased with the outcome and optimistic about the prospects of a full ban treaty being voted in July. Countries' and NGOs' suggestions regarding terms and details of an eventual prohibition treaty which were put forward during the week will be used by conference President Whyte to prepare a draft treaty for consideration by the parties prior to the second session, June 15 to July 7 of this year.
The conference brought some fairly surreal opposition, including a senior US general opining that without nuclear weapons wars would be much worse, and US Ambassador to the UN Nikki Haley leading a protest boycott in front of the UN against the effort. While Haley's stunt did get her the lion's share of the American press coverage of the talks, the US, along with its allies and the other nuclear weapons states, are clearly isolated on the issue.

Recommended:
A Transformational Moment in Nuclear & International Affairs?
  by John Burroughs, Director UN Office, Int'l Assoc. of Lawyers Against Nuclear Arms.
"The initiative and the negotiations have been marked by close cooperation between governments and civil society, notably the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons, and with the International Committee of the Red Cross. Civil society was given ample opportunity to comment throughout the first week.
"Such cooperation has never before occurred in the nuclear sphere. Also noteworthy is that the negotiations are taking place in a UN process over the opposition of the permanent five members of the Security Council, perhaps a harbinger of democratization of the United Nations.
"Diplomats and civil society organizations involved in the negotiations are clearly energized, even passionate, and determined to work constructively. If all goes well, members of a ban treaty, working together with civil society, will become a potent collective actor that will transform nuclear and international affairs for the better." (read more)

Docs:
United Nations Conference To Negotiate a Legally Binding Instrument
to Prohibit Nuclear Weapons, Leading Towards Their Total Elimination

- Selected Elements of a Treaty Prohibiting Nuclear Weapons
- Statements and working papers to the conference

We have a dossier on the background and trajectory of this initiative, and we'll keep it up to date with news and developments: Ban Treaty dossier.
For further in-depth coverage of these negotiations, see the Reaching Critical Will and ICAN websites. Also note the ban treaty blog at ICAN for daily news and developments.
Note: ICAN has posted a Flickr album of annotated high-def photos of the UN Ban Treaty negotiations.


ANA workshop at UN Ban Treaty Conference
Above, from left to right: Rick Wayman, Nuclear Age Peace Foundation; Marylia Kelley, Tri-Valley Cares (Lawrence Livermore); Ralph Hutchison, OREPA (Y-12); Jay Coghlan, Nuclear Watch NM (Los Alamos, Sandia), and Hans Kristensen, Federation of American Scientists.

March 28, 2017, UN, NYC:
Ban Treaty Conference: Alliance for Nuclear Accountability Panel Discussion
See video clips of some of the speakers:


March 28, 2017:
An Open Letter from Scientists
in Support of the UN Nuclear Weapons Ban Negotiations

As of 3/28: 3,447 signers
Some excerpts: "Nuclear arms are the only weapons of mass destruction not yet prohibited by an international convention, even though they are the most destructive and indiscriminate weapons ever created.
"We scientists bear a special responsibility for nuclear weapons, since it was scientists who invented them and discovered that their effects are even more horrific than first thought.
"[Nuclear war] is more likely than one may hope, because it can start by mistake, miscalculation or terrorist provocation. There is a steady stream of accidents and false alarms that could trigger all-out war, and relying on never-ending luck is not a sustainable strategy.
"Many nuclear powers have larger nuclear arsenals than needed for deterrence, yet prioritize making them more lethal over reducing them and the risk that they get used.
"But there is also cause for optimism. On March 27 2017, an unprecedented process begins at the United Nations: most of the world's nations convene to negotiate a ban on nuclear arms, to stigmatize them like biological and chemical weapons, with the ultimate goal of a world free of these weapons of mass destruction. We support this, and urge our national governments to do the same, because nuclear weapons threaten not merely those who have them, but all people on Earth."
- See the full Open Letter, signers to date, and sign-on form (please sign if you have, or are working toward, a PhD in a STEM field!): Future of Humanity.


March, 2017:
Negotiations on a Nuclear Weapons Ban Treaty Begin This Month at the UN
This past week began the most important effort to get rid of nuclear weapons since the Non-Proliferation Treaty of 1968. The NPT didn't stop North Korea, India, and Pakistan from going nuclear. And the nuclear weapons states did not proceed toward full elimination of nuclear weapons, having stalled out the process at a count of roughly 15,000.
Nuclear weapons states are all opposed to a ban treaty, along with those non-nuclear states 'benefitting' from the US nuclear umbrella. But a large majority of nations will likely approve the ban, in order to stigmatize possession of nuclear weapons by any power as a key step toward effective de-nuclearization.
A ban treaty is also the last best chance to put the brakes on a "2nd nuclear age". There is growing pressure to build and deploy nuclear weapons that can be used in regional conflicts, under the guise of modernization and justified by the meme of a 'second nuclear age'. And in this so-called 'second nuclear age', nuclear weapons will not just be maintained to prevent anyone from using them (deterrence), but will be designed and deployed for more effective war-fighting (counterforce). Of course, breaking the nuclear taboo strikes most of us as extremely unwise and dangerous. But a wholesale transition to '2nd nuclear age' weaponry and posture might be less likely if the majority of nations have declared nuclear weapons to be illegal and prohibited.
Negotiations are to be held in two sessions at the UN in New York. The first session began on March 27, and will last through March 31. The second, longer, session will be June 15 through July 7.
For further in-depth coverage of these negotiations, see the Reaching Critical Will and ICAN websites. Also note the ban treaty blog at ICAN for daily news and developments.


historic UN resolution to work on nuclear weapons ban
The Historic UN Vote On Banning Nuclear Weapons
The very first resolution passed by the newly formed United Nations on January 24, 1946, established a commission of the UN Security Council to ensure: 1) that atomic energy is only used for peaceful purposes, and 2) the elimination of atomic weapons from the arsenals of nations.
That was 70+ years ago. Then there was the appalling Cold War nuclear arms race. Now, a quarter century after the end of that frozen conflict, the nations of the UN General Assembly have moved again to deal with the catastrophic danger of nuclear weapons, and have passed an historic resolution "to convene in 2017 a United Nations conference to negotiate a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination."
All nuclear weapons states, with the single exception of North Korea, voted against or abstained. The final vote was 123 for the resolution, 38 against, and 16 abstaining. (see country by country vote)
"There comes a time when choices have to be made and this is one of those times," said Helena Nolan, Ireland's director of Disarmament and Non-Proliferation, "Given the clear risks associated with the continued existence of nuclear weapons, this is now a choice between responsibility and irresponsibility. Governance requires accountability and governance requires leadership."
the real nuclear threat The Obama Administration was in fierce opposition. It lobbied all nations, particularly its allies, to vote no. "How can a state that relies on nuclear weapons for its security possibly join a negotiation meant to stigmatize and eliminate them?" said Ambassador Robert Wood, the U.S. special representative to the UN Conference on Disarmament in Geneva.
An interesting argument considering that the President himself had declared in Prague in 2009, "To put an end to Cold War thinking, we will reduce the role of nuclear weapons in our national security strategy, and urge others to do the same." (ref)

US position "indefensible"
Ploughshares' Joe Cirincione wrote in a commentary for the Huffington Post: "The U.S. opposition is a profound mistake. Ambassador Wood is a career foreign service officer and a good man who has worked hard for our country. But this position is indefensible."
Cirincione: "The idea of a treaty to ban nuclear weapons is inspired by similar, successful treaties to ban biological weapons, chemical weapons, and landmines. All started with grave doubts. Many in the United States opposed these treaties. But when President Richard Nixon began the process to ban biological weapons and President George H.W. Bush began talks to ban chemical weapons, other nations rallied to their leadership. These agreements have not yet entirely eliminated these deadly arsenals (indeed, the United States is still not a party to the landmine treaty) but they stigmatized them, hugely increased the taboo against their use or possession, and convinced the majority of countries to destroy their stockpiles.
"The ban treaty idea did not originate in the United States, nor was it championed by many U.S. groups, nor is it within U.S. power to control the process. Indeed, this last seems to be one of the major reasons the administration opposes the talks.
Non-proliferation treaty scofflaws "The movement reflects widespread fears that the world is moving closer to a nuclear catastrophe - and that the nuclear-armed powers are not serious about reducing these risks or their arsenals. If anything, these states are increasing the danger by pouring hundreds of billions of dollars into new Cold War nuclear weapons programs.
"There is still time for the United States to shift gears. We should not squander the opportunity to join a process already in motion and to help guide it to a productive outcome. It is a Washington trope that you cannot defeat something with nothing. Right now, the US has nothing positive to offer. The disarmament process is dead and this lack of progress undermines global support for the Non-Proliferation Treaty and broader efforts to stop the spread of nuclear weapons.
"The new presidential administration must make a determined effort to mount new initiatives that reduce these weapons, reduce these risks. It should also support the ban treaty process as a powerful way to build global support for a long-standing American national security goal. We must, as President John F. Kennedy said, eliminate these weapons before they eliminate us." See full post at HuffPo / See also Cirincione's updated and expanded post at The Bulletin:
  The UN makes history on a nuclear weapons ban. Does the US care?
The people against nuclear weapons
"The rest of the world is finally standing up to this threat to their survival and that of the planet. They are taking matters into their own hands and refusing to be held hostage by the nuclear nations. They will no longer be bullied into sitting back and waiting for the nuclear states to make good on empty promises."
- Robert Dodge, Nuclear Weapons- The Time for Abolition is Now
The Vatican's ambassador to the UN, Archbishop Bernardito Auza declared, "Nuclear arms offer a false sense of security, and the uneasy peace promised by nuclear deterrence is a tragic illusion. Nuclear weapons cannot create a stable and secure world. Peace and international stability cannot be established on mutually assured destruction or on the threat of total annihilation. Lasting peace cannot be guaranteed by the maintenance of a balance of terror... The indefinite possession of nuclear weapons is morally wrong, an affront to the 'entire framework of the United Nations' and a contradiction to its vocation of service to humanity and the global common good." (ref)
And the Dalai Lama has stated: "By far the greatest single danger facing humankind- in fact, all living beings on our planet- is the threat of nuclear destruction. I need not elaborate on this danger, but I would like to appeal to all the leaders of the nuclear powers who literally hold the future of the world in their hands, to the scientists and technicians who continue to create these awesome weapons of destruction, and to all the people at large who are in a position to influence their leaders: I appeal to them to exercise their sanity and begin to work at dismantling and destroying all nuclear weapons." (ref)
And yet in spite of the clear opposition and condemnation of the vast majority of nations and of the people of the world, even of our "faith leaders", the nuclear weapons states, most particularly the US and Russia, are embarked on a "modernizing" production binge of new doomsday machines. This indeed can only be described as indefensible. Which of our 'leaders' will have the courage to lead the way in stopping this insanity?




Resources: Nuclear Ban Treaty

- Ban treaty blog at ICAN
- ICAN Nuclear Ban Twitter feed
- Reaching Critical Will Twitter feed
- UN Resolution L41 (PDF)
- UN Conference on Disarmament
- International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons
- Reaching Critical Will

- ICAN has posted a Flickr album of annotated high-def photos of the UN Ban Treaty negotiations.


How To Dismantle A Nuclear Weapon










Unless we act, nuclear weapons will be used
"Unlike the other weapons of mass destruction - chemical and biological weapons - nuclear weapons are not yet subject to an explicit legal prohibition. Now is the time to address this anomaly, which has been allowed to persist for far too long...
"Despite all this evidence about the horror, instability, and injustice generated by nuclear weapons, some insist that we will not see their elimination in our lifetime. That depends on whether we are willing to accept the risk we live with today. Unless we act, nuclear weapons will be used, either by accident, design, or miscalculation. The only questions are when, where, and how many."
- ICAN's Ray Acheson; closing statement to the Second Conference on the Humanitarian Impact of Nuclear Weapons.



IPPNW presentation explains why a medical response to the use of nuclear weapons would be impossible.


Don't Bank on the Bomb 2015
View/download Report PDF


"If you prohibit the production, possession, and use of these weapons and the assistance with doing those things, we're setting the stage to also prohibit the financing of the weapons. And that's one way that I believe the ban treaty is going to have a direct and concrete impact on the ongoing upgrades of existing nuclear arsenals, which are largely being carried out by private contractors."
- Susi Snyder, Don't Bank on the Bomb



U.N. Considers a Historic Ban on Nuclear Weapons, But U.S. Leads Boycott of the Talks
Democracy Now, March 30, 2017:
Interview with Zia Mian, physicist, nuclear expert and disarmament activist. He is co-director of the Program on Science and Global Security at the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton University.


click to enlarge
April 11, 2016:
Cambridge Divests $1 Billion From Nukes Following Grassroots Campaign
Above: Cambridge Mayor Denise Simmons, MIT's Max Tegmark, Lucas Perry, Susi Snyder, Former Secretary of Defense William Perry, and Dr. Jonathan King after the public announcement of the Cambridge nuclear divestment plan. (ref)



"Many citizens, scientists and laymen alike, view nuclear-weapons abolition as an essential milestone in the development of human civilization, a moral, ideological and practical campaign that could catalyze the transformation of international relations and improve the outlook for civilization at a critical time." -James Doyle


Judgement Day

http://xkcd.com/1626/





Mahatma Ghandi
Pope Francis on Nuclear Weapons
  "Nuclear weapons must be banned."
    - Pope Francis, Pacem in Terris
Our Mission: Through comprehensive research, public education and effective citizen action, Nuclear Watch New Mexico seeks to promote safety and environmental protection at regional nuclear facilities, mission diversification away from nuclear weapons programs, greater accountability and cleanup in the nation-wide nuclear weapons complex, and consistent U.S. leadership toward a world free of nuclear weapons.

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